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Published: 2019-11-16
Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Comparative Effects of Individualized and Cooperative video-Based Instructional Strategies on Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria
Author:1Nwaokolo, B 2Adejoh, M. James, 3Okwara, O. Kalu.
About Author:123 Department of Science Education Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
Corresponding author:Nwaokolo
Department of Science Education Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
Page No:1-07
Article Info

This study was designed to determine the comparative effects of individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies on secondary school students’ achievement in Biology in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. Three research questions were asked and three hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopted a quasi – experimental design of non –randomized pretest posttest control group type. The population of the study is one thousand and seven (1,907) while the sample of eighty four (84) SS1students was drawn from two secondary schools using multistage sampling technique. In each of the schools intact classes were randomly assigned to individualized video – based instructional strategy and cooperative video – based instructional strategy. The research instrument, Biology Achievement Test (BAT) was developed, validated by five experts, trial-tested and used for the study. The reliability of BAT was calculated using Kuder-Richardson formula 21 (K-R21) and was found to be 0.68. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings reveal that individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies are effective in improving students’ achievement in ecology. However, cooperative video – based instructional strategy is more effective than individualized video – based instructional strategy. There is also statistically significant difference between the mean scores of male and female students when taught ecological concepts using individualized and cooperative video – based instructional strategies in favour of cooperative video-based instructional strategy. It was therefore recommended that Biology teachers in secondary schools should adopt cooperative video –based instructional strategy for teaching Biology.

Cooperative, Individualized, Video Based, Instructional Strategies, Achievement.
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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Performance Level of Debate in the English Language Proficiency Module of Students
About Author's:1Faculty of Business and Management Studies Gulf College Sultanate of Oman
2Centre of Foundation Studies Gulf College Sultanate of Oman,
About Author's:Faculty of Business and Management Studies Gulf College Sultanate of Oman
Page No:09-15
Article Info

Debate is one of the components of the English Language Proficiency of the modules of students in developing their skills in speaking.The study examines the performance level of debate in the English Language Proficiency (ELP) module level of students. The study employs the quantitative methods of research as this design answers the data in analysing the study on the level of debate and performance of the students in their English Language Proficiency module. The subjects of the study are the students of Gulf College in the Sultanate of Oman who are officially registered in the English Language Proficiency, Level 3 Block 2 for the academic year 2019-2020. One hundred sixty (160) is utilized in the study. All respondents are utilized as samples in the study. Results show that communication skills and evidence of information of the students are poor in which the performance level in debate of students are low, however; the area of language proficiency, critical thinking, and teamwork reveal good in which the performance level in debate of students are moderate.

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