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Published: 2018-12-01
Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Language and Social Behavior a New Look At (In) Discipline in School
Author:Hadinei Ribeiro Batista
Page No:1-08
Article Info

The present work is a preliminary discussion on cognitive syntax and social behavior. From the analysis of textual productions of students of basic education in a public school that serves low-income students, two different cognitive systems were identified among groups of apprentices with varied socioeconomic profile. These systems were monitored by observing students' daily routines in order to diagnose the extent to which the cognitive system relates to the conduct of young people in their interpersonal relationships. It has been found that student behavior is, in general, the result of cognitive traits (or cognitive syntax) built from their experiences. Such findings made it possible to start this debate on reflections within the scope of (in) discipline or the conviviality of students in school.

(In)discipline, Cognitive syntax, Social behavior, bullying; education.
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2. Brito, Márcia S. T., Costa, Marcio da. (2010). Práticas e percepções docentes e suas relações com o prestígio e clima escolar das escolas públicas do município do Rio de Janeiro. Revista Brasileira de Educação, Rio de Janeiro, v. 15, n. 45, p. 500-501, set./dez. 2010.

3. Butt et al (1998). Using functional grammar: an explorer’s guide. Sydney: Macquarie University.

4. Cunha, Marcela B. (2014). Possíveis relações entre percepções de violência dos IJSSHR, Volume 1 Issue 1Dec. 2018 www.ijsshr.in Page 8 alunos, clima escolar e eficácia coletiva. Educação e Pesquisa, São Paulo, v. 40, n. 4, p. 1077-1092, out./dez.

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13. Tognetta, Luciene R. P., Vinha, Telma P. (2010). Até quando? Bullying na escola que prega a inclusão social. Educação, Santa Maria , v. 35, n. 3, p. 449-464, set./de
Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:The Role of the African Union in the Political Stability of Africa
Author:Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim 1, Akaazua T. Emmanuel 2, Farouk Ibrahim Bibif3 3
About Author's:1,2,3Department Of Political Science And International Relations, University Of Abuja, Abuja
Page No:09-19
Article Info

The paper examines the growth and development of political stability as supported by the African union in Africa, it analyzes some of the areas in which the AU has contributed in bringing stability within the African region. Using the descriptive-historical research, findings show that, the African union has contributed immensely in peace-keeping operation in Africa, but has failed to implement some major decisions made. The paper recommends that, Africa and Africa leaders should eradicate corruption and those who take joy in it should be severely punished under the laws. This will serve as deterrent to others. This is because corruption is the major cause of conflicts on African soil. The looting of government funds that should be used for development in Africa is creating untold hardship on the masses and what we see today as conflict violent in Africa is a reaction to the poor leadership and the mismanagement of natural resources deposits in Africa.

political; stability; Africa; union; integration; regional.
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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Global Integration and International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)
Author:Sheriff Ghali Ibrahim  1, Mohamed Lamin Yansaneh 2
About Author:1,2,Department Of Political Science And International Relations, University Of Abuja, Abuja
Page No:20-28
Article Info

The paper investigates the nature, functions and successes of the international criminal police organization (INTERPOL) and analyzes how it affects global security. From the secondary methodology, findings show that, the organization is effective in tackling cross-border crimes and hardened criminals around the world. The paper concludes that, to keep Interpol as politically neutral as possible, its charter forbids it, at least in theory, from undertaking interventions or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial nature or involving itself in disputes over such matters. Its work focuses primarily on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, environmental crime, genocide, war crimes, organized crime, piracy, illicit traffic in works of art, illicit drug production, drug trafficking, weapons smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, child pornography, white-collar crime, computer crime, intellectual property crime and corruption. The paper recommends that, for the work of INTERPOL to be effective and efficient member Countries should be willing to update the Interpol databases and at the same time be able to check against the Interpol criminal data bases regularly, this will enable them to be able to arrest dangerous criminals on the run.

international; criminal; police; force; security; integration.
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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:The Status of Public Health Service Delivery (PHSD) After Decentralisation in Rural Tanzania.
Author:Hussein S. Lufunyo 1
About Author:1,Tanzania Public Service College- Tabora, P.o Box 329, Tabora, Tanzania
Page No:29-52
Article Info

This article determined the status of public health service delivery under decentralisation in rural Tanzania. It adopted a combined case study design to explore health service delivery and its status in Pangani and Urambo local government authorities. the study was mainly qualitative; primary data collected by using interviews, questionnaires, FGDs and observation. Secondary data extracted from various reports and academic works related to the theme. The study established that, decentralisation had minimal effect on improving public health service delivery in rural Tanzania. The health services were found to be characterised by poor access and quality. Very few health centres, lack of equipment, drugs and medicines, low levels of competency among health workers, distance, lacked clear complaints handling mechanisms and responsiveness were found to be the major bottlenecks. Delayed service, poor time management, lack of accountability and transparency, lack of political will, poor records management and resistance to change persisted in the sampled health centres. The study recommends a review of the existing legal frame, administrative systems, structures and processes. Efforts on resourcing, Human resource capacity building and institutionalisation of health sector reforms and decentralisation are also recommended..

Decentralisation, health service delivery, rural, local government authorities.
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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:The Challenges Faced By Advanced Level Teachers in Teaching of the Advanced Level Literature in English Comment and Appreciation Paper in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of Selected Schools in Masvingo Urban.
Author:Jabulani Moyo 1
About Author:1,Great Zimbabwe University, Post Office Box 1235, Masvingo [Zimbabwe]
Page No:53-60
Article Info

This study is an investigation into the challenges faced by Advanced Level Literature in English teachers in Zimbabwe in the teaching of the Comment and Appreciation paper. The study takes a qualitative approach to unearth the attitudes of teachers and to unravel the implications from documents studied. Content analysis, interview and observation techniques were used to gather data. The study established that instead of teaching skills for explication of the ‘unseen’ texts, the general approaches used incline more towards ‘testing’. Equally, the study revealed that most teachers are not confident to teach the paper, with the majority resorting to drills of particular genres, instead of taking a holistic approach encompassing all the three genres [poetry, drama and prose], including the recreative-response type question. The study, therefore, holds that the misconception about the difficulties of this component of the syllabus is rather unfounded. As a recommendation, the study implores institutions of higher learning to ensure that prospective or would-be-teachers of Literature in English are well grounded in the skills of explicating ‘unseens’. In the wake of the updated secondary school curriculum under the auspices of the Zimbabwe Education Blueprint (2015-2022), the Advanced Level Literature in English learning still has the Comment and Appreciation component as a compulsory, hence the need for teachers [and learners alike] to have an indepth appreciation of how to unpack meaning from a given ‘unseen’ text.

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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Psychological Determinations of Intention to Save Money: The Influence of Attitudes, Subjective Norms, and Perceived Behavioral Control.
Author:Ismail Mohamed said 1, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Martadha Mohamed 2,
About Author:1,Graduate Student, School of Government College of Law, Government and International Studies University Utara Malaysia
2, School of Government, College of Law, Government and International Studies University Utara Malaysia
Page No:61-70
Article Info

The financial management of individuals varies around the world. With rapid economic growth there is an alarming increase in the value of products and services that challenge people who have poor financial management. As a result, it requires individuals to manage their financial resources through appropriate saving behaviour. This paper, therefore, attempts to investigate behavioural factors that influence individuals’ intention to save money. Using extended theory of planned behaviour, three predicting variables were constructed that include attitudes, subjective savings norm, and perceived behavioural control. The study hypothesized that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control had a positive relationship with intention to save money. Using a questionnaire survey distributed randomly to 2500 respondents, of which 1192 had completed the questionnaires, the hypotheses were tested using correlation and linear regression analysis. The findings indicate that all three predicting variables have a positive and significant relationship with intention to save money. Specifically, perceived behavioural control is the strongest predictor to engage in savingbehaviour. Future studies should try to examine psychosocial factor such as culture that may also have some effect on intention to save money.

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Paper Type:Research
Paper Title:Impact of L1 on learning ESL (English as a Second Language) grammar skills of the ESL language learners- An error analysis with special reference to the undergraduates of the University of Jaffna
Author:Dr. K. Sanmuganathan 1,
About Author:1,Senior Lecturer in ELT, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka
Page No:71-80
Article Info

The purpose of this study is to examine whether L1 had an impact on the ESL (English as a Second Language) grammar skills of the beginning ESL language learners. An experimental research design was conducted at University of Jaffna. The study involved qualitative methods of data collection. General English Proficiency Test was administered among the subjects randomly, the data collected from the subjects’ responses were analyzed, and the findings were derived. The findings show that there are a number of problems which are found to impede the learning of English due to the greater dissimilar features found between English and Tamil. The results will be beneficial for material development, ESL teaching and learning process in future. The major finding on overall error rates demonstrates that there is statistically significant difference in error rates with the comparison of students’ L1 and English. Evidence provided by the written samples suggests that L1 played a role in the process of beginning ESL learners’ writing in English. Understanding linguistic difference between students’ L1 and English may help the learners reduce interference from their first language.

L1, Linguistic difference, error analysis, ESL writing, Contrastive analysis.
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