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VOlUME 03 ISSUE 06 JUNE 2020
The Social Classes Who Served in the Great Silk Road Service System
Anvar Achilov Tuychievich
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ABSTRACT

In this article some features of the service system of the Great Silk Road are discussed based on historical sources and literature.

KEY-WORDS

Great Silk Road, caravan routes, service system, convoy carrier, messenger, medicine, hire, postal service, ambassadors, shopping cities, spies.

REFERENCES

1) Agzamova G.A. Central Asian Khanates and Russia: on the history of caravan trade (XVI– first half of the XIX centuries) Russia - Uzbekistan. History and modernity. Special issue. - M., 2008 .-- S. 15.

2) Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad-Amin. Majma ’al-ansab wa-l-ashjar // Introduction., Translation from Arabic, Persian and Turkic languages, comments, preparation of a facsimile for the publication of Sh.Kh. Vokhidov, A.K. Muminov, B. B. Aminov. History of Kazakhstan in Persian sources. - Almaty: Dyke-Press, 2005.- T. II. - S. 216.

3) Arқish // ЎзМЭ. - Toshkent: “Uzbekistan Milly Encyclopedia” Davlat Nashriyeti, 2000. 1-veld. - B. 440-441.

4) Dreneturk dictionary. - L., 1969 .-- S. 54.

5) Agzamova G.A. Central Asian Khanates and Russia: on the history of caravan trade (XVI– first half of the XIX centuries) Russia - Uzbekistan. History and modernity. Special issue. - M., 2008 .-- S. 15, 22-23.

6) Gintello. Information on the quartermaster collected in the Bukhara Khanate by Captain Gintello in May and June 1885 // SMA. - St. Petersburg: Military Printing House, 1886. Issue. XXI.– P. 9

7) Maev N. Essays on mountain beks // Materials for statistics of the Turkestan Territory. - SPb., 1879. Issue. V. - S. 328.

8) Arkhipov. Military reconnaissance of the plain part of the Bukhara Khanate, carried out in 1883 by the General Staff Captain Arkhipov // SMA. - St. Petersburg: Military Printing House, 1884. Issue. H. - S. 204

9) Gintello. Information on the quartermaster collected in the Bukhara Khanate by Captain Gintello in May and June 1885 // SMA. - St. Petersburg: Military Printing House, 1886. Issue. XXI.– S. 9-10.

10) Matveev. A brief sketch of Bukhara. 1887 of the General Staff of Colonel Matveev // SMA.– SPb., 1888. Issue. XXXLI. - S. 3.

11) Nebolsin P.N. Essays on Russian trade with Central Asia. ZIRGO. Prince H. - St. Petersburg, 1856. - S. 6.

12) Bababekov H. History of Kokand. - Tashkent: Fan, 1996 .-- S. 109.

13) In some cases, due to the fact that less funds are allocated from the state treasury for road maintenance or these funds are used by the local government for other purposes, the repair of roads is entrusted to the local population. For example, the Kokand khan entrusted the local population with repairing the road from Kokand to Tashkent via Tuytepa. See: Masson M.E. Ahangeran. Archaeological and topographic essay. - Tashkent, 1953. - С. 44.

14) For example, among the documents of the Kushbegi archives there is an application to the Emir of Bukhara Abdulahad Khan for permission to establish a station on the road Karshi - Shahrisabz. See: MDA. Collection 126, List 1, Case 823.

15) Mukminova RG Bukhara is the capital of the khanate, the city of merchants and masters // ONU. - Tashkent, 1997. –№ 9-11. - С. 56; Ahmedov B. Lessons from history. - Tashkent: Teacher, 1994. - B. 187.

16) Ханыков Н. Description of the Bukhara Khanate. - СПб., 1843. - С. 162.

17) Khoroshkhin AP Collection of articles reaching the Turkestan region. - СПб., 1876.– С. 26-27.

18) The spread of the disease was caused by rats in food carts, which for some time disrupted economic and trade relations along the Great Silk Road. See Weatherford D. Genghis Khan and the birth of the modern world / Per. with English. E. Liechtenstein. - М .: АСТ, 2006. - С. 430-440, 446.

VOlUME 03 ISSUE 06 JUNE 2020

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