Assessment of Higher Order Thinking Skills Through Stem Integration Project-Based Learning for Elementary Level
1Mathew Keleman, 2Mohamad Sattar Rasul, 3Nur Atiqah Jalaludin
1,2,3 Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

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Purpose of the Study-

The purpose of this study was to assess the level of HOTS among students through STEM integration in Project-Based Learning (PBP) by using the conceptual framework and development modules of HOTS. Design/methodology/approach-A total of 4 teachers and 12Year 6 students from SK Methodist, Kapit were selected to participate in this study. Research data were collected through Action Research method using structured interview instrument, questionnaire form, also via pre and post test.


The findings of needs analysis for the module have shown that the teachers thought that the HOTS development module should be developed by taking into account various learning strategies and using learning methods through STEM in Project Based Learning. Descriptive findings indicated that the need for students to use modules to improve HOTS is high. The t-test done to compare students’ achievement from pre- and post-test has shown significant differences in pre-test scores. The post-test scores have proven that STEM integration learning methods through Project-Based Learning can improve students’ HOTS.


The results of this study are expected to help Science teachers to improve teaching practices to improve students' HOTS by using STEM integration learning methods in project-based learning. In addition, through the HOTS module developed, it is hoped to help students to improve HOTS in Science subjects and also to increase the knowledge of Science teachers in integrating STEM in project -based learning to improve students' HOTS in Science subjects. The results of this study can also be used as a guide by the MOE in designing a curriculum that can improve students' HOTS through the integration of STEM in Project- Based Learning.


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