Bangladesh - China Bilateral Relations: Current Trend Analysis
Muhammad Kamruzzaman
Assistant Professor in the Department of Government and Politics at Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka- 1342, Bangladesh

Google Scholar Download Pdf

Bangladesh – China relationship has been fantastic by the political, monetary and military ties throughout the most recent few decades. Key relations among Bangladesh and China were set up in 1976, and to be straightforward, various specialists on worldwide relations dissected the method of two-sided relations since the establishment of placating relations 45 years back, and applauded dynamic joint effort and affiliation that have been preceding between the two countries various regions of common interest. They reviewed that the relations between the people of these two nations go back to hundreds of years. However, it is emphasized that the progressive heads of these two nations made significant commitments to the advancement of China-Bangladesh relations. Moreover, it can be mentioned that the solidification and upgradation of China-Bangladesh relation and participation serve the major interests of these two nations, meet the regular goals of the people and help towards building harmony and improvement in the areas of development. Thus it is suggested that a "Closer Complete Organization of Participation" between China and Bangladesh is set up based on the standards of longstanding kinship, uniformity, and shared advantage. With the unique initiative of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, the two nations have assented to keep on state visits and contacts between government associations, parliaments, philosophical gatherings, military, and non-authoritative social occasions of the two countries; advance correspondence and coordinated effort at the public authority level. Her administration empowers to redesign the investment instruments, including key gatherings, the Joint Monetary and Exchange Board of trustees and Joint Horticulture Council. Various gatherings have been attempting to heighten support in return, hypothesis, cultivation, transportation and structure improvement dependent on value and basic benefit between the two countries. "Belt and Road Initiative" has been contributory to develop the shared interest of the two nations. “Sister Cities” alliance is the last addition to deepen the mutual interest of both countries. This paper is aimed to investigate current trade, agreements, investment, agriculture, transportation and infrastructural development in the pursuit of bilateral relations between Bangladesh and China. This article has tremendously attempted to disclose the present pattern of two-sided relations between Bangladesh and China under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina in the office of Prime Minister in Bangladesh. Article has been worked out based on literature review and analysis has been made consulting the recent scholarships.


Bangladesh, China, Bilateral Relations, Geo-political Interests, Economic Diplomacy, Trade Relations, Citizen Diplomacy, Cultural Exchange


1) Bangladesh – China Trade and Investment Corridor, (2015). Keystone Quarterly Review, Dhaka: Bangladesh, July- September. 2) Benli, Qian (2019), The Domestic Consequences of China’s ‘One Belt One Road Initiative’ Globalization Monitor, Hong Kong 3) Bhaskar, C. Uday, (2019). Delhi will have to accept China’s role in Bangladesh while shaping its ties with Dhaka, The Indian express, October 9, 2019 4) Bhattacharjee, Joyeeta, (2018) “Decoding China-Bangladesh Relationship, Observer Research Foundation, June 27, 2018, 5) Bhattacharjee, Joyeeta, (2019) “Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit enhances China and Bangladesh relations”, Observer Research Foundation, July 18, 2019 6) Chakma, Bhumitra, (1996). ‘Bangladesh-China Relations: Determinants and Interlinkages’, in Abul Kalam (ed.), Bangladesh: Internal Dynamics External Linkages, Dhaka: UPL 7) Chowdhury, Iftekhar Ahmed, (2010). ‘Bangladesh-China: An Emerging Equation in Asian Diplomatic Calculations’, ISAS Working Paper, No. 105, Singapore: Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, 31 March 8) Chowdhury, Iftekhar Ahmed, (2016). ‘China and Bangladesh: New Strategic Partners’, ISAS Working Paper, No. 249, 14 December 9) Datta Sreeradha (2008) “Bangladesh's Relations with China and India: A Comparative Study”, Strategic Analysis, Vol. 32, Issue. 5. p. 770. 10) Garner John W (2013) “A China-Centric Economic Order in East Asia,” Asia Pacific Business Review 19, no. 2, 2013: 286-296. 11) Garner John W. & Fei-Ling Wang (2010): “China's Anti-encirclement Struggle,” Asian Security, 6:3, 238-2614 12) Haroon Habib (2005) “Bangladesh, China sign nine agreements,” The Hindu, April 9, 2005. 13) Hong Songmei, “China and Bangladesh: A time tested friendship”, China Daily, 26 March 2009. Impacts in Africa and Latin America, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 14) Islam, M. S. (2012), China- Bangladesh Economic Cooperation: Focus on Kunming – Chittagong, Institute of Governance Studies (IGS), BRAC University, Dhaka, Presented at the 2nd RIIO International Conference on Development of China and Indian Ocean Economics, 29-30 November, Kunming: China. 15) Islam. M S (2019). The PM’s China visit: A friendship that has given both political and economic dividends, The Daily Star, July 08, 2019 16) Jenkins. Rhys (2018), How China is Reshaping the Global Economy: Development 17) Kabir, Shahriar (2017) Analysis of Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh and China, Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, Vol- 8, No- 16 18) Kibria Ruksana (2006), “Strategic implications of Bangladesh-China relations,” They Daily Star, February 19, 2006. 19) Kibria Ruksana (2011) “Bangladesh-China bilateral relations” The Daily Sun, October 5, 2011. 20) Kumar, Anand (2010). “Chinese puzzle in India-Bangladesh relations, IDSA Comment, April, 2010 21) Mannan Abdul Md, (2018). Bangladesh-China Relations: Mapping Geopolitical and Security Interests, The East Asia Study Center (EASC), September, 2018 22) Mujibur Rahman, Sheikh (2020). Amar Dekha Naya Chin (New China from My own Perspective), Dhaka: Bangla Academy 23) Muni S.D. (1991) “Insecurity: The Impact of the Second Cold War,” in Jagjit Singh, ed. Asian Security: Old Paradigms and New Challenges, New Delhi: Lancer 24) Paul. Nantulya, (2019), Implications for Africa from China’s One Belt One Road Strategy- Spotlight, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, March 22, 2019. 25) Quy-Toan, Dolevchenko, Araddatz A Claudio (2016). Comparative advantage, International trade and fertility. Journal of Development economics.2016; 119: 48-66. 26) Rashid, Harunur (2006) “Bangladesh’s Look East Policy,” The Daily Star, February 19, 2006. 27) Rashid, Harunur (2010) “35th anniversary of Bangladesh-China diplomatic ties,” The Daily Star, October 20, 2010. 28) Sahoo, P, (2013). “The Growing Dominance of China in South Asia: An Indian Perspective”, The International Trade Journal, No.27, 2 February 29) Uddin M. Jashim and Mahbubur Rashid Bhuiyan (2011) “Sino-Bangladesh Relations: An Appraisal,” BIISS Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1, January 2011, pp. 1-24. 30) Vijay Sakhuja (2009). “China-Bangladesh Relations and Potential for Regional Tensions.” China Brief, Vol. 9, Issue. 15, 23 July.


1), ‘China-Bangladesh defense relations reach ‘unprecedented heights’ 31 Jul 2017 Global

2) relationship


1) The Daily Star, February 19, 2006

2) The Daily Star, Chinese firms look to invest in Bangladesh, October 14, 2016.

3) The Daily Star, July 8, 2019

4) The Dhaka Tribune, June 19, 2020

5) The Hindu, 2009

6) The Hindu, June 19, 2020

7) UNB, February 26, 2020

8) Keystone Quarterly Review, 2015

9) The Indian Express, October 9, 2019


Indexed In

Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar