VOlUME 04 ISSUE 06 JUNE 2021
Spatial Dimensions of Irrigation System Performance Status in The Semi Arid Region of Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
1Ida Nurwiana,2 Akhmad Fauzi, 3Ernan Rustiadi ,4Bambang Juanda
1Faculty of Agriculture, Nusa Cendana University Penfui PO Box 104, Kupang 85001-East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
2,3,4Regional and Rural Development Planning, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) Darmaga Campus of IPB, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Google Scholar Download Pdf

One aspect that plays an important role in the performance of irrigation systems is the institutional division of irrigation areas' authority covering the authority of district/municipality, provincial and the central government. This study aimed to assess how the institutional division of irrigation areas' authority affect the performance of irrigation systems, to reclassifies the standard of performance index of irrigation systems, to analyze the status of irrigation system performance in 6 districts/municipalities in the semi arid region of Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara based on their authority and mapping of spatial diversity. This study used descriptive statistical method through the performance index of irrigation systems in 6 districts/ municipalities. This study concluded that the status of the irrigation system performanceof 6 districts/municipalities in the semi arid region of Timor Island increased along with the level of irrigation systems' authority. The best Status of the performance of irrigation systems in 6 districts/municipalities was Malaka District Irrigation System, the performance tended to be better in the irrigation system under the authority of central government that administratively placed in one district/municipality (non cross district irrigation system). Based on the analysis of the status of irrigation system performance in 6 districts/municipalitiesin Timor Island, a specific step for each district/municipality to adjust the location characteristics with policies can be taken to overcome irrigation systems' problems in the semi arid regions of Timor Island.


institutional authority, irrigation system performance, spatial dimension, semi arid region.


1) Abernethy C.L. 1986. Performance Measurement in Canal Water Management: ADiscussion. ODI-IIMI Irrigation Management Network Paper 86/2d. London (GB): Overseas Development Institute.

2) Amede T. 2015. Technical and institutional attributes constraining the performance of small-scale irrigation in Ethiopia. Water Resources and Rural Development. 6:78-91. doi:10.1016/j.wrr.2014.10.005. Elsevier.

3) Amriyadi, Edijatno, Sidharthi TS. 2016. Analysis of influencing factors in evaluating the performance of irrigation canal systems in the Wawotobi irrigation area in Konawe District, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Jurnal Aplikasi Teknik Sipil. 14(2):85-106.ISSN.1907-753X.

4) Awulachew SB, Ayana M. 2011. Performance of irrigation: an assessment at different scales in Ethiopia. Experimental Agriculture. 47(1):57-69. doi:10.1017/S0014479710000955.

5) Bacha D, Namara R, Bogale A, Tesfaye A. 2009. Impact of small scale irrigation on household poverty: empirical evidence from The Ambo District in Ethiopia. J. Irrigation and Drainage. 60(1):1-10. doi:10.1002/ird.550.

6) Bagson E, Kuuder CJW. 2013. Assessment of a small-scale irrigation scheme on household food security and leisure in Kokoligu. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 3(1):17-26. ISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online).

7) Balderama OF, Bareng JLR, Alejo LA. 2014. Benchmarking for performance assessment of irrigation schemes: the case of national irrigation systems and small water impounding projects in Cagayan River Basin. International Conference of Agricultural Engineering. Zurich 6-10 July.

8) Bolaños G, Borgia M, Poblador C, Dia N, Seyid OMV and Mateos L. 2011. Performance assessment of small irrigation schemes along the Mauritanian banks of the Senegal River. Agricultural Water Management. 98(7):1141-1152. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2011.02.008. Elsevier.

9) Bos MG, Murray-Rust HD, Merrey DJ, Johnson HG, Snellen WB. 1994. Methodologies for assessing performance of irrigation and drainage management. Irrigation and Drainage Systems. 7:231-261. Springer.

10) Brown J. 2011. Assuming too much? participatory water resource governance in South Africa. The Geographical Journal. 177(2):171-185.

11) Chai Y, Schoon M. 2016. Institutions and government efficiency: decentralized irrigation management in China. International Journal of the Commons. 10(1):21-44. doi:10.18352/ijc.555.

12) de Fraiture C, Molden D, Wichelns D. 2010. Investing in water for food, ecosystems, and livelihoods: an overview of the comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture. Agricultural Water Management. 97(4): 495-501. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2009.08.015. Elsevier.

13) Deribie M. 2015. Impact of Akaki small-scale irrigation scheme on household food security. Journal of Accounting Marketing. 4(3):1-13. doi:10.4172/2168-9601.1000140.

14) Fan Y, Gao Z, Wang S, Chen H, Liu J. 2018. Evaluation of the water allocation and delivery performance of Jiamakou Irrigation Scheme, Shanxi, China. Water. 10(5):1-11. doi:10.3390/w10050654.

15) Fauzi M, Sandhiyavitri A, Sutikno S, Suharyanto. 2017. Assessment of performance index of irrigation areas based on Ministerial Regulation for Public Work and Housing Number 12 Tahun 2015. National Conference on Civil and Infrastructure Engineering – I. Jember University, October 30, 2017.

16) Frey UJ, Villamayor-Tomas S, Theesfeld I. 2016. A continuum of governance regimes: a new perspective on comanagement in irrigation systems. Environmental Science & Policy. 66:73-81. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2016.08.008. Elsevier.

17) Garcés-Restrepo C, Vermillion D, Muñoz G. 2007. Irrigation Management Transfer. Rome: IWMI, FAO.

18) Gebrehiwot NT, Mesfin KA, Nyssen J. 2015. Small-scale irrigation: The driver for promoting agricultural production and food security (The Case of Tigray Regional State, Northern Ethiopia). Irrigation Drainage Sys Eng. 4(2):1-9. doi: 10.4172/2168-9768.1000141.

19) Gorantiwar SD, Smout IK. 2005. Performance assessment of irrigation water management of heterogeneous irrigation schemes: a framework for evaluation. Irrigation and Drainage Systems. 19(1):1-36.

20) Kloezen WH, Garces-Resrepo C. 1998. Assessing Irrigation Performance with Comparative Indicators: The Case of the Alto Rio Lerma Irrigation District, Mexico. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute/IWMI.

21) Kusuma OPU, Rispiningtati, Sayekti RW. 2012. Study determines priority scale of improving the performance of irrigation canals in the Bodor irrigation area of Nganjuk Regency. Jurnal Teknik Pengairan. 3(1):61-70.

22) Kuscu H, Bölüktepe FE, Demir AO. 2015. Evaluation performance of irrigation water management: a case study of Karacabey irrigation scheme in Turkey. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 5(5): 824-831.ISSN 2167-0447.

23) Lankford B, Makin I, Matthews N, McCornick PG, Noble A, Shah T. 2016. A compact to revitalise large-scale irrigation systems using a leadership-partnership-ownership 'theory of change'. Water Alternatives. 9(1): 1-32.

24) Mangrio MA, Mirjat MS, Li JH, Chandio AS. 2014. Performance evaluation of irrigation system at secondary canal level. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Agricultural Engineering Veterinary Sciences. 30(2):216-228.

25) Meinzen-Dick R. 2014. Property rights and sustainable irrigation: a developing country perspective. Agricultural Water Management. 145:23-31. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2014.03.017. Elsevier.

26) Ministry of Agriculture. 2012. Regulation the Minister of Agriculture No. 79/OT.140/12/2012 about Guidelines for Coaching and Empowerment of Water-Use Farmers' Associations. Jakarta.

27) Ministry of Public Works and Housing. 2017. Regulation the Minister of Public Works and Housing No. 11/PRT/M/2017about Second Amendment to Regulation of the Minister of Public Works15/PRT/M/2011 about Guidelines for Implementing the Activities of the Ministry of Public Works which are Government Authority and Implemented through Deconcentration and Co-administration. Jakarta.

28) Ministry of Public Works and Housing. 2015.Minister of Public Works and Housing Regulation No. 14 / PRT/M/2015 about Criteria and Determination of Irrigation Area Status. Jakarta.

29) Mulyadi, Soekarno I, Natasaputra S. 2014. Irrigation performance assessment by Regulation the Minister of Public Works No.32/2007 and MASSCOTE methode approach with rapid appraisal procedure (RAP) evaluation at Barugbug irrigation area - West Java. Jurnal Irigasi. 9(2):126-135.

30) Molden DJ, Gates TK. 1990. Performance measures for evaluation of irrigation water delivery systems. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 116(6):804-823.

31) Molden DJ, Sakthivadivel R, Perry CJ, de Fraiture C, Kloezen WH. 1998. Indicators for Comparing Performance of Irrigated Agricultural Systems. Research Report 20. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute/IWMI.

32) Murray-Rust DH, Snellen. 1993. Irrigation system performance assessment and diagnosis. International Irrigation Management Institute. Colombo, Sri Lanka.

33) Nurrochmad F. 2007. Performance Analysis of Irrigation canals. AGRITECH. 27(4):182-190.

34) Qtaishat T. 2013. Impact of water reallocation on the economy in the Fertile Crescent. Water Resour Manage. (2013) 27:3765-3774. doi: 10.1007/s11269-013-0379-z.

35) Rizalihadi M, Fauzi A, Tanzil R. 2014. Evaluation of irrigation performance from the aspect of irrigation efficiency consistency in Pandrah irrigation area, Bireuen-Aceh. National Civil Engineering Conference 8. National Institute of Technology - Bandung, October 16-18, 2014.

36) Ross A, Martinez-Santos. P. 2010. The challenge of groundwater governance: case studies from Spain and Australia. Regional Environmental Change.10 (4):299-310. doi: 10.1007/s10113-009-0086-8.

37) Tilahun H, Teklu E, Michael M, Fitsum H, Awulachew S. 2011. Comparative performance of irrigated and rainfed agriculture in Ethiopia. World Applied Sciences Journal. 14(2):235-244. ISSN 1818-4952.

38) Tan-Kim-Yong U. 1987. "Problems and strategies in management of communal irrigation systems: the experience in joint decision-making by farmers and agencies." IIMI and WECS of the MOWR, GON. Sri Lanka: IIMI.

39) Tang S. 1992. Institutions and Collective Action: Self-Governance in Irrigation. San Francisco, California (US): ICS Press.

40) Turral H, Svendsen M, Faures J-M. 2010. Investing in irrigation: reviewing the past and looking to the future. Agricultural Water Management. 97(4):551-560. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2009.07.012. Elsevier.

41) Ward FA. 2010. Financing irrigation water management and infrastructure: a review. Water Resources Development. 26(3):321-349.

42) Yami M. 2013. Sustaining participation in irrigation systems of Ethiopia: what have we learned about water user associations? Water Policy. 15 (2013):961-984. doi:10.2166/wp.2013.031.

43) Zamaniyan M, Fatahi R, Boroomand-Nasab S. 2014. Field performance evaluation of micro irrigation systems in Iran. Soil & Water Res. 9:135-142

VOlUME 04 ISSUE 06 JUNE 2021

Indexed In

Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar