September 2021

Community Based Assessment of the Changes of Provisioning Ecosystem Services of Aral Haor of Sylhet District
1Tania Siddique Mim,2Mohammad Nayeem Aziz Ansari
1,2Department of Geography and Environment, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh

Google Scholar Download Pdf

Haor is a well-known wetland feature in Bangladesh because of its dynamic ecosystem which is changeable with the seasonal variation. The majority people of the community are critically dependent on the haor. This paper attempts to analyse the provisioning ecosystem services of Aral Haor of Sylhet District, their changes and why the changes occurred during the last 30 years since 1990 to 2020 through community assessment. The papers argues that the community based approach integrates the local people to reveal the actual scenario of the livelihood dependency on the provision ecosystem services as they are the main user of the provisioning services. Thus the primary data were collected through observation, FGD, Community Mapping and interview with experts. The study found that community the service providing area of the Aral haor have not been changed in mentionable level over the 30 years, however the shape of the haor have been changed slightly due to high sedimentation. Along with rice cultivation during dry season, natural irrigation, fishing and bird nesting were most important to provisoing services to the community which have been changes due to both natural and anthropogenic activities. The study concludes that even having importance of the Aral hoar, not any measurer has been taken by local authority to conserve the Aral hoar ecosystem services those are very vital for the livelihood of the thousands of community people living nearby.


Haor, Ecosystem services, community based assessment, haor fish, and migratory birds.


1) Coleman JM (1969) Brahmaputra river: channel processes and sedimentation. Sedimentary Geology B129-239.

2) Khan, A.A. 1993. Freshwater wetlands in Bangladesh: Opportunities and options, in freshwater wetlands in Bangladesh. Issues and approaches for management, The World Conservation Union, Dhaka Bangladesh. pp. 01–08.

3) Haq T., 2013. A Violent Threat to Conservation of Wetlands and the Existing Laws of Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis. Philosophy and Progress: Vols. LIII-LIV.

4) Department of Bangladesh Haor and Wetlands Development (DBHWD), 2012. Master Plan of Haor Area, volume II.

5) MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment) 2005.Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.

6) Russi D., ten Brink P., Farmer A., Badura T., Coates D., Förster J., Kumar R. and Davidson N. (2013) The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands. IEEP, London and Brussels; Ramsar Secretariat, Gland.

7) RCS (Ramsar Convention Secretariat) 2013. The Ramsar convention manual: a guide to the convention on wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), 6th ed. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland.

8) Islam, M.T., Rahman, M.M. and Mahmud, H. 2014. Physico-chemical attributes of water of Hakaluki Haor, Sylhet, Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar University Journal of Biological Science, 3(2): 67–72.

9) Barbier, E.B., Acreman, M.C. and Knowler, D. 1997. Economic valuation of wetlands: a guide for policy makers and planners. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Bureau.

10) Mitsch, W. J. and Gosselink, J. G. 2007. “Wetlands”, Fourth Edition, Wiley Publications, p.4.

11) Chowdhury D., 2019. Bird-poaching rampant in wetlands. The Daily Star.

12) Staff correspondents, 2019. Corruption, lack of governance behind haor people's plight. The Daily Star.

13) Deshwara M., 2019. Sale of wild birds rampant on Dhaka-Sylhet highway. The Daily Star


Indexed In

Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar Avatar